What is a p-value?

This value does not mean the probability the null hypothesis is true.

The p-value is a misunderstood statistic. Sometimes, textbooks carry incorrect definitions — perpetuating misinterpretations.

For example, a Twitter user shared a 2003 biology textbook definition:

The P-value is the bottom line of most statistical tests. It is simply the probability that the hypothesis being tested is true. So if a P-value is given as 0.06, that indicates that the hypothesis has a 6% chance of being true.